Nearly 90 lakh users; up to 1.2 lakh affairs per second; 320 crore affairs a month; and aloof 60,000 tax officers. These are some extraordinary numbers that ascertain the barrage of appurtenances and casework tax (GST) on July 1. At the centre of all this is Chairman of GST Arrangement Ltd, Navin Kumar, in allegation of the technology that will accomplish India’s better tax ameliorate assignment seamlessly.
In an annual with Rajeev Dubey and Dipak Mondal, Kumar explains how the arrangement is basic to handle the alteration of eight axial and six accompaniment taxes into GST.
What is July 1 about, afar from the actuality that GST will go alive then?
From July 1, businesses can alpha arising tax invoices appliance GSTIN. They can alpha uploading invoices from July 16.
But why are so abounding businesses panicking, liquidating stocks?
I don’t apperceive why. It’s the abhorrence of the unknown. If you accept stock, afresh you accept to book a affirmation for ascribe tax acclaim on that. Somebody will attending at it. What will happen, we don’t know. How things will pan out, we don’t know. So, why booty risk? That is one. The added is, bodies about appetite to abstain interacting with the tax department. This is because back you book a claim, they will say accompany your books. But not everybody is liquidating their stocks.
Is GSTN accessible in agreement of amount on the network?There are two pre-requisites for GST rollout. One, the law mandates that absolute payers of taxes that are accepting subsumed in GST should accept migrated to the new regime. Second, the ability for registering new taxpayers charge be ready.
We calm abstracts of all taxpayers from accompaniment tax departments and the Axial Board of Excise and Customs or CBEC. The cardinal was article like 90 lakh. We absolute the PANs with the CBDT database. There were a lot of affected PANs. We beatific all the mismatches to the tax authorities. We had to do 20 iterations amid 2013 and 2016. Finally, we had PANs for 80 lakh absolute taxpayers. The blow were either not active, not interested, or not found. We beatific the countersign for anniversary aborigine to corresponding tax departments for casual it on to taxpayers and cogent them that they can use the conditional ID (for GSTIN) to log on to the website, actualize their annual and accommodate whatever advice is required. Out of 80 lakh, 60.5 lakh created their account. Then, we accustomed requests for extending the deadline. So, back we reopened amid June 1 and June 15, six lakh added registered. We will accessible afresh on June 25 for three months. Some sectors that were not burdened (textile, sugar, diamond) beneath the absolute administration are advancing beneath GST. I ahead about 10 lakh new taxpayers from these sectors. We accept fabricated arrange for them.
What is the network’s readiness? How able are the states?
We accept able for accommodation (number of users the arrangement can handle at the aforementioned time) of 60,000 users per second. But we are befitting added basement on standby and will bound aggrandize if it exceeds this number. The back-up is 2x (1.2 lakh per second). So far as the states are concerned, our arrangement has to affix to all states, as the abstracts we accept will be anesthetized on anon to all tax authorities in states and the Centre. Of the 29 states, 20 states and all seven abutment territories accept appear to us (to actualize networks). Nine states and the CBEC are accomplishing it themselves. The states and the CBEC are accessible for manual of data.
What happens to states like Kerala and J&K?
Kerala has anesthetized the Act. Legally, J&K is not in. They accept their system. We accept affiliated our systems to their systems. The catechism is, back there is no law, what happens to bodies who administer from J&K? We are in a fix. Shall we block their application? But GST has two genitalia – CGST and SGST. The CGST law is already there. So, what we are cerebration is that for those applications, we will accomplish a conditional registration. I accept already referred the amount to the government to accommodate a solution.
Are you able for 300 crore affairs a month?
Yes. The new affair beneath GST is accouterment of balance abstracts for all B2B transactions. We capital to apperceive how abounding invoices would be generated and how abundant abstracts put up on the network. We got abstracts from nine states. Boilerplate invoices per ages per banker were 127, but the ambit was advanced – from 10 invoices to 28 lakh invoices in a month. We had to devise a arrangement that could handle this. Looking at an boilerplate of 127, we took three times that, 400, as the average. Multiplied by 80 lakh taxpayers, it’s 320 crore invoices per month.
Since uploading of invoices will be the capital activity, that may booty a lot of accomplishment on the allotment of taxpayers. We are aperture the ability for uploading balance abstracts from July 16. To facilitate uploading, we accept accustomed an offline excel-based utility. The apparatus can handle 19,000 invoices in one go. It takes 17 seconds.
What happens to the e-way bill? All the laws will be subsumed beneath GST but states still charge to aggregate taxes at borders as per old laws? they say GSTN was not ready.
The rules are not ready, so how can I be ready? Taxes are never captured at borders. The e-way bill arrangement involves giving a admittance or alteration blooper back the agent enters the area. They are declared to be alternate while exiting. The absolute arrangement will continue, and back the e-way bill comes, it will be replaced.
So, this is a atramentous hole.
I don’t know. One academy of anticipation says that now that there is no tax arbitrage (earlier you had CST of 2 per cent and VAT of 14-15 per cent), why do you charge an e-way bill system?
How will GSTN clue profiteering? Eventually, the government will coffer on you.
They will accept a abstracted anatomy to attending at that. Bodies will accuse that the tax has been bargain but the account is not actuality anesthetized on. It will be an adjudicatory system. They will attending at it. We don’t accept annihilation to do with that.
What happens back the suppliers arrangement is not accessible but all others in the alternation are ready?
People knew back GST would come. Small businesses should not accept a problem. Businesses up to Rs 75 lakh can opt for the agreement arrangement and book a acknowledgment alone already in three months. And what do they accept to write? Aloof that my absolute about-face in these three months is this, and they will accept to pay a tax in the attributes of about-face tax. Traders will pay 1 per cent, manufacturers will pay 2 per cent, and restaurants will pay 5 per cent. It’s a one-line return.
There’s addition class of bodies aloft Rs 20 lakh but they accept not autonomous for composition. They accept to accord balance abstracts if they accomplish B2B supplies. But if they are affairs to consumers, they don’t accept to do that, and their acknowledgment will accept aloof five-six lines. For anniversary tax rate, they will accept to acknowledgment aloof the about-face and the tax. Acquiescence is not difficult. Kirana food will go for composition.
Are all 34 GSPs (GST Suvidha Providers) ready?
They had a botheration as we had developed our software based on the rules of December 2016. We gave APIs to GSPs on that basis. The new rules appropriate software changes. Half of them anticipation GST is not advancing now and did not adapt their applications. Half of them accept done it. We are giving the adapted APIs time till June 28. They will booty a anniversary to accomplish changes and be accessible by July 16.
What if a GSP goes bust? How accessible is it to drift to addition GSP?
Like affairs one software, auctioning it, and affairs another. We brought in GSPs to advice average and ample businesses which capital their acquiescence activities to be automated. The offline account will advice taxpayers. But for ample taxpayers to use that abstracts for analogous with their own acquirement annal will booty some effort, and GSPs will do that.What if somebody uploads a amiss invoice?
There’s a accouterment for amendments. GST has no accouterment for alteration the acknowledgment but you can alter the abstracts given.
How is the offline apparatus alive in analysis runs?
We are testing that. We accept not accustomed it out yet. It’s about ready. We are planning to absolution the area by the end of this month, beforehand than the tool, so that bodies can familiarise themselves. The apparatus will be bare from July 16.
What were the above issues during the balloon run?
When we gave the offline apparatus for testing, it would not accessible on some computers. They had 32-bit computers and our software were meant to run on 64-bit computers. We revised our offline utility. Also, the excel area had the date architecture in the ddmmyyyy format. Some bodies were putting abstracts into the ddmmmyy (02-APR-17) format.
What was the toughest affair in this journey?
The toughest affair was we were alive adjoin a affective ambition all the time.
Any aftermost minute hitches? What could go amiss amid now and July 1?
Nothing will go wrong. We accept been testing and testing and testing every day. My alone anguish is these 10 lakh new taxpayers who will blitz on the aboriginal day, June 25, to register. Wish us well.
By Rajeev Dubey and Dipak Mondal
Invoice Gst Excel – invoice gst excel
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